Nije Bhuswanandjadbharat Bhumya Paratare |
Turiyastire Paramsukhdetva Nivasasi ||
Mayuraya Nath Stawamasich Mayuresh Bhagwan |
Ataswa Sandhyaye Shivharini Brahmajanakam ||
Oh God Mayureshwara of Morgaon, you are in the greatest land of Sage Jada Bharat which is known as Bhu Swanand where you are staying in your own land with infinite happiness and on the bank of river Karha, you are self existent, you remained in fourth state of Yoga and gave Lord Shiva intense joy. Oh God Mayureshwara! You are seating on a Mayur(peacock), I am worshipping you, God Brahmadeva has built this temple and to protect it Lord Shiva (from South direction) & Lord Surya(God Sun, from North direction) have been established.
One can see this stanza(prayer) written on the entrance of the temple. As it is mentioned in this shloka(prayer) this Margin of the God Mayureshwara is known as `Bhu-Swanand Bhuvan’ just as God Vishnu’s Vaikunth Lok (the paradise of God Vishnu) and God Shiva’s Kailash(the favorite haunt of God Shiva) similar to these God Ganesha’s `Swanand-Lok’ (rejoicing in oneself)
About Shree Mayureshwara
Long ago there was a very puissant king named Chakrapani living in Gandali Nagari(town) of Mithila Kingdom. Queen Ugra was Mahapativrata(faithful wife). They were unhappy because they had no child. Both of them worshipped God Surya(God Sun) . With the blessing of God Surya ,Ugra was carrying their son . The embryo was so bright and powerful, that she could not bear the brilliance of it so she released the embryo in the sea. From that embryo, a brilliant and puissant child was born. The sea, disguised as a Brahmin, reached to Chakrapani and gave the child to him. As the child was born in the sea the king named him as `Sindhu’, when Sindhu grew up, his teacher (guru) Shukracharya told him to worship God Surya and became more powerful. For two thousand years continuously, Sindhu did penance and got him what he wants(the boon). In return he asked for immortality. God Surya told him that he will give him nectar (immortal drink) which will remain in his stomach (near naval). As long as this nectar is there in his body, he won’t die. After drinking nectar Sindhu became more powerful. King Chakrapani realised that his son Sindhu became intelligent and powerful with God Surya’s boon and gave him Kingdom. When Sindhu became King he started for the universal quest. With his incomparable valiant he won battles with God Indra, God Vishnu and other god’s. Sindhu kept all gods & goddesses in prison at Gandaki Nagari.
King Sindhu then attacked on God Shiva and Satya Lok (the heaven). All gods and goddesses became unhappy. They worshipped their master God Ganesh. God Ganesha was delighted and said “I will take rebirth , I will become son of Parvarti and will kill Sindhu”. In Krita Yuga everyone will call me as `Vinayak’, in Tretra yuga everyone will call me as ‘Mayureshwara, in Dwapar yuga I will be called as Gajanana and in Kalyug I will be named as Dhumraketu. God Shiva and Parvati left Kailash and went to mountain called Meru. Goddess Parvati did penance of Lord Ganesha with one letter word `OM’(Ek Akshar Mantra) for 12 years. Lord Ganesha was delighted and give her a boon as `I will take birth as your son’ on Bhadrapad Shuddha Chaturthi Parvati made an idol of Lord Ganesha with clay and started worshipping that idol. An idol turned into a live child and said `I am Lord Ganesha to whom your were worshipping. I have taken incarnation to kill demon Sindhu.’ Shiva and Parvati named their son as Ganesh. As he was Shiva’s son, Shiva gave him blessing that one will get a success without any disturbance, if one will remember you by heart before starting any work. Lord Ganesha was growing day by day. During his childhood he killed many demons. Brahmadeva alias Vishva-karma the creator of universe gave Lord Ganesha pash(noose) Ankush(agoad), parashu(hatchet) & kamal(lotus). When Ganesha was ten years old, Shiva & Parvati got fed up of demon’s harassment when they were moving from Meru parvat(mountain) the demon Kamalasur came in their way. Lord Ganesha challenged Kamalasur and killed him. Lord Ganesha brought together all the Shiv-gan(attendant of God Shiva) and attacked on Gandaki Nagar of Sindhu demon. Lord Ganesha defeated Sindhu and killed his two sons. Sindhu ran away from the battlefield. Sindhu’s father advised him to make free all gods and goddesses and surrender to Lord Ganesha, but he continued the battle. Lord Ganesha attacked him with parashu(hatcher) and removed the nectar from the naval and killed Sindhu. Lord Ganesha was riding on the peacock during the battle , so he was named as `Mayureshwara’ or `Moreshwar’. After the Panch-devata(five god’s next in position to Lord Ganesha named as God Brahmadeva, God Vishnu, God Shiva, Goddess Shaksti and God Surya) requested Lord Ganesha to live in Morgaon forever for his devotees. Lord Ganesha blessed them and accepted their request. Panch-devata prepared an idol of sand, clay and precious stones and installed at Morgaon on Bhadrapada Shuddha Chaturthi. Lord Ganesha told them whoever lives and prays over here wont fear for any obstacle or danger. Lord Mayureshwara is very powerful, potent and awaked god. If you wish something holy at Morgaon then that wish will definitely become true. This is the belief of devotees of Lord Ganesha and they experience it.
`Ganapati Bappa Moraya’ as popular acclamation is of Lord Mayureshwara .
About the temple
The temple of Lord Mayureshwara of Morgaon which is the bank of river Karha is similar to a small fort. The temple is at the center of the Morgaon and it is facing towards north. It has eleven steps. There is a 50 feet tall wall of black stone around the temple and there are four pillars on each direction. Because of these pillars temple looks like a mosque from far. Before one could climb the steps, one could see the place for drums(in festival drums plays at this place). A big bull(Nandi) is present in all the Shiva’s temples. (Nandi is god Shiva’s vahana or vehicle.) God Shiva rides on Nandi. How then this Nandi happened to be in this Ganesha temple? There is a story. In this locality there was a temple of God Shiva. This Nandi was build for that temple. While taking the Nandi to the God Shiva’s temple, cart was broken in front of Lord Mayureshwara’s temple. Then another cart was build and tried to move the Nandi on that cart but that cart was also broken. This happened again and again in order to reduce the height of Nandi the devotees begin to rub the Nandi, at that time blood begin to flow from the body of Nandi. There was sudden sound came from the heaven with words that don’t reduce the size of Nandi, install this Nandi in front of the Lord Mayureshwara. The devotees followed the words and installed the Nandi after the steps. After entering the main door one can enter inside the big wall, the temple is made up of black stone but from inside it is painted. One can see a mouse whose front legs are elevated at the entrance of the temple. One can also see a big chandelier which is made up of black stone inside the main entrance. At the eight corners, eight idols of Lord Ganesha’s incarnation are installed. They are namely Ek-Danta, Mahodar, Gajanan, Lanbodara, Vikat, Vighnahar, Dhumra-Varna & Vakratund. Another 34 idols of Lord Ganesha family are present. A very old tree, called as Kalpa Vriksha (the tree that fulfils every desire) is present near the temple. Shri Moraya Gosavi did penance under this tree and his wish to see Lord Ganesha was fulfilled. So devotees of Lord Ganesha have faith in doing penance under this tree. Shami tree & Mandar tree are also present inside the temple compound on left side. One can see the statue of Yogindracharya on right side after entering the temple. On left side of the temple one can see a small temple of Nagna Bhairav (an obedient attendant of Lord Mayureshwara). One more temple of Nagna Bhairav is towards East of Morgaon about a mile away. Without worshipping the Nagna Bhairava one can not complete Mayureshwar’s pilgrimage. Lord Mayureshwara has given this boon to Nagna Bhairava, that one can not come in this holly place without your wish and you are the watchman of the Morgaon. Nagna Bhairava protects the devotees of the Lord Ganesha. It is not possible to every one to go to Nagna Bhairava temple which is a mile away from the Morgaon every time. So there is a small temple built out of main nave of Lord Mayureshwara where one can worship Nagna Bhairava first and then can go to the nave to worship Lord Mayureshwara.
The idol of Lord Mayureshwara is very attractive. The idol is in seating position with trunk going towards left and the idol is facing East. The idol has three eyes and has diamonds in the eyes and on hands. Nagraj(the king of snakes) on the head of the idol. The original idol was black and small. But because of the layers of the red lead it looks red and big. The red lead is applied on the idol. The red lead is liked by Lord Ganesha. Twice these layers fall down from the original idol, which was seen by many people. This happened in 1788 and 1822.
In the Mudgal Puran the description of the idol is as follows,
The deity has four hands and three eyes. Pash & Ankush were held in the upper hands. third hand is place on the knee, holding modak(a sweet made up of boiling milk) in the fourth hand. Dharma Raj Yudhishtir, son of the king Pandu, installed the present idol. This story is about five thousand years old. As written earlier Panch-Devata installed the original idol.
Idols in the compound of the Lord Mayureshwar’s temple
Shri Shami Devi
Shri Mandar Ganesha
Shri Durga Devi
Shri Shukla Chaturthi Devi
Shri Krishna Chaturthi Devi
Shri Moraya Gosavi
Shri Purapar Ganesha
Shri Bhagwan Vishnu
Shri Laxmi Devi
Shri Dakshin Dwar Ganesha
Shri Bhagwan Shankar
Shri Devi Parvati
Shri Paschim Dwar Ganesha
Shri Adishakti Jagadamba
Shri Rati Devi
Shri Uttar-dwar Ganesha
Shri Surya Bhagwan
Shri Maha Devi
Shri Mod Ganesha
Shri Pramod Ganesh
Daily Programs & Festivals
Lord Mayureshwara worshipped with water bath three times daily. At the dawn/early morning at 5 o’clock first bath of the day takes place. After the bath worshippers offers flowers and durva to the idol. After that at 7 o’clock and at 12 noon Shodopachar puja (a worship which embodies sixteen items. This puja is done by priest with Ganesh-Athervashirsha. (a recitation of Lord Ganesha’s). An offering is given in all three times. In the morning chapati and rice(khichadi) is offered. In the afternoon full lunch is offered. At night milk-rice is offered . At 8 o’clock in the night Panchopachar Puja is done where idol is bath by water. From 5 o’clock in the morning to 10 o’clock in the night, temple is open for public. The temple is closed after the shej-arati (A prayer done before sleeping time). Morning 5 o’clock puja and afternoon 4 o’clock puja is done by gurav’s (a cast in Hindu community). The ornaments are put on the idol during festival. Bhadrapad Shuddha Chaturthi & Magh Shuddha Chaturthi festivals are celebrated in big manner.
One of the wife of Lord Ganesha and daughter of God Brahma is Siddhi. Siddhi means everything is achieved by which. Siddhi means power to act, penance and successful divine illumination entire knowledge and ever lasting prosperity is under control of Siddhi. Siddhi is not separate from Lord Ganesh. If any one worships Lord Ganesha Siddhi and the other wife of Lord Ganesha Buddhi are together with Lord Ganesha even though there are no separate idols of Siddhi & Buddhi; Siddhipati Ganesha is give the work to Siddhi, control on dharma(religion) arth(money), kama, moksha(emancipation deliverance) & Kaivalya (absorption into the divine essence)
The other wife of Lord Ganesha & sister of Siddhi is Buddhi. Lord Ganesha has given the authority of constitutional, power to act, which has the entire knowledge within her & has a complete divine knowledge. The knowledge you know by your mind and one acts on it because of Buddhi. The origin of total inspiration consciousness is Buddhi. Fourteen types of knowledge’s and sixty-four types of arts are created by Buddhi and are under her control. Any type of knowledge, inspiration achieved because of Buddhi(all thoughts in mind) entire mind is controlled by Buddhi. The knowledgeable state of one’s mind, which acts over temptation is Buddhi.
Lord Ganesha is worshipped before starting any new work. Shri Siddhi and Shri Buddhi are within the Lord Ganesha. For doing any work on need control on mind & Shri Buddhi gives that mind so if Buddhi will not act then it is very difficult to complete the work or one may face many obstacles in completing the work. that is why it is must to pray/worship Lord Ganesha first. Among all the holy places in the world, Morgaon is the only shrine where all 33 crore gods and goddesses are invisibly present in the nave (Hindu mythology believes that total 33 crore gods and goddesses are present.) if someone goes to Shri Durga’s temple one will get merit of visiting Shri Durga. If someone goes to the temple of God Shiva, one will get merit of visiting God Shiva. But if one visit the temple of Mayureshwara one will get merit of visiting not only Lord Ganesha but also all other gods and goddesses. Lord Mayureshwara is very powerful and potent/awake god. If one honestly wish something holy before Lord Mayureshwara, that wish will definitely becomes true that is the beliefs of devotees.
Shri Morya Gosavi
The great and divine person from Morgaon. Morgaon is the birthplace of Shri Moraya Gosavi. Nowadays especially in Ganesh festival devotees say `Ganapati Bappa Moraya’, a popular acclamation which is written by Shri Moraya Gosavi. Moraya Gosavi was devotee of Lord Mayureshwara. Once he found an idol of Lord Ganesha in Brahmakamandalu (a holy place in Morgaon, which is created by God Brahmadeva, contains water of all holy rivers). He took this idol to Chinchwad (a place near Pune) and built a temple with this idol. From Chinchwad he brings the idol of Lord Ganesha to Morgaon, every Chaturthi (fourth day) in Magh & Bhadrapad. Now Morya Gosavi is no more, but this custom followed by devotees of Lord Ganesha and Moraya Gosavi.
In the Western part of India there is a village called Ambi near Sorati Somanath, where Shri Yogindracharya was living in his early days. Lord Mayureshwara gave him drishtanta (divine appearance) and ask him to come to Morgaon. He lived there and worshiped Lord Mayureshwara for 228 years. Later he self immolated himself. He wrote a book called Shri Ganesha Vijay. The story behind his book is as follows:
One Brahmin used to come to him with a page and ask him to write that page after writing a page that Brahmin takes that page and goes out of the hermit and from there no one could see that Brahmin. Neither that Brahmin was from the Morgaon nor anyone could see that Brahmin in the Morgaon. It was very strange. One day Shri Yogindracharya followed that Brahmin to see where he goes. He saw that Brahmin going to the nave of the temple and then disappeared. This means that Brahmin was none but Lord Mayureshwara. There is a place in the temple on right side where Shri Yogindracharya took samadhi(divine appearance or deep meditation). His hermitage called Yogindra Nath is very close to the temple. he has countless devotees. Shri Samarth Ramdas Swami (strong follower of Shri Rama) composes immortal prayer ‘Sukhkarta Dukh Harta Varta Vighnachi Nurvi Purvi Prem Kripa Jayachi’, when he visited Morgaon a very strange thing about Samarth Ramdas Swami was that, whenever he goes to any temple instead of god in the temple he sees Shri Rama. The temple of Mayureshwara is the only temple where he could not see Shri Rama. With Lord Mayureshwar’s blessing he composed the above prayer.
Morgaon is located on the bank of river Karha. The story about the river is as follows:
God Brahmadeva had a daughter called Shri Saraswati. One day God Brahmadeva lost his mind(Buddhi) and about to behave with her like a wife. But then he realised what he was doing. He felt ashamed about it. To clear his sins and impurity of mind he built shrines at all holy places, but still he was not satisfied. Then he came to Morgaon and started consecration of Lord Mayureshwara. He brought holy water in his Kamandalu(a small pot used to keep the water from holy rivers by gods or saints.) Somehow that kamandalu got slipped and holy water spilled on the floor. God Brahma felt bad and tried to collect the holy water. At that time Lord Mayureshwar’s words came to him as, not to collect the water, let that water from Brahma-Kamandalu flow as river Karha, which can clear/vanish all the sins, there are seven holy place within the flow of five miles. They are namely Ganesh-tirth, Bhim-tirth, Kapal-tirth, Vyas-tirth, Rishi-tirth, Sarvapunya-tirth & Ganesh-Ganga-tirth.